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Freeport’s Lack of Commitment

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PT Freeport Indonesia, a subsidiary of US-based mining giant Freeport-McMoRan Inc., deserves a strong rebuke from the government and the House of Representatives for its utter lack of commitment to developing a Copper smelter to comply with the 2009 mining Law.

The government had compromised in early 2014 by lowering the purity levels of Copper, nickel, bauxite and other minerals to fall below those stipulated in the law to allow them to continue mineral exports after the 2O14.deadline for the ban of unprocessed mineral exports.

The compromise was meant to prevent substantial worker layoffs and sudden falls in export earnings and state revenues for the central and regional governments, from royalties and other taxes.

But the export permit, issued during the transition period until 2017 when a total ban will be slapped on unprocessed minerals, is tied to higher export taxes of 20 to 60 percent, royalty payments and clear timetables for the development of smelters in the country.

So far, Papua-based Freeport Indonesia, the largest producer of Copper and gold in the country, has failed to show any concrete progress in the development of its US$2.3 billion smelter project with an annual capacity of two million tons.

The company only reached a memorandum of understanding with state-owned PT Petrokimia Gresik on its plan to lease an 80-hectare plot of land in Gresik, East Java, for the plant project.

It is rather impossible for Freeport to complete the plant within the next three years, as the required feasibility study has yet to be made and dozens of other permits have yet to be obtained from the central and local governments.

The House was especially irked by Freeport’s plan to build its smelter in the Petrokimia Gresik industrial complex in East Java, a corporate action seen as ignoring the interests of the Papuan people.

But Freeport’s plan is understandably more commercially viable because the smelter project requires at least 600 megawatts of power and other supporting infrastructure that is unavailable in Papua. Gresik can easily fulfill those requirements. Petrokimia Gresik can also process sulfuric acid, a byproduct of the smelter.

The government should be forceful in ensuring that Freeport develops its smelter, but given the tight schedule, the company could be allowed to go ahead with its original plan to build the smelter in Gresik but with stricter timetables for each stage of construction and much higher export tax, as stipulated in the January 2014 regulation.

Freeport-McMoRan has a big stake in Papua as its Indonesia concession holds 30 billion pounds of proven and probable Copper, 29.8 million ounces of gold and 308.5 million ounces of silver. Its mining operations in Papua have been highly profitable due to low (open pit) mining costs.

Hence, the only alternative for Freeport is pushing ahead with the smelter project, otherwise it will lose those huge mineral reserves if its mining license is not renewed after 2021.

 Source : The Jakarta Post, February 04, 2015

Terakhir Diperbaharui ( Kamis, 12 Februari 2015 08:59 )

Bea Keluar Komoditas Tambang Turun

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JAKARTA. Pemerintah menurunkan bea keluar (BK) terhadap mayoritas komoditas tambang yang diekspor bulan ini. Kebijakan ini disebabkan bulan ini terjadi penurunan harga internasional jika dibandingkan pada Januari.

"Penurunan HPE (harga patokan ekspor) produk Pertambangan hasil pengolahan disebabkan ada fluktuasi harga internasional pada komoditas Pertambangan tersebut," kata Direktur Jenderal Perdagangan Luar Negeri Kementerian Perdagangan (Kemendag) Partogi Pangaribuan dalam keterangan tertulisnya di Jakarta kemarin.

Ketentuan tersebut ditetapkan dalam Peraturan Menteri Perdagangan Nomor 09/M-DAG/PER/1/2015, tertanggal 23 Januari 2015. Sejumlah produk Pertambangan hasil pengolahan yang dikenakan BK adalah konsentrat Tembaga, konsentrat seng, konsentrat timbal, konsentrat besi, konsentrat mangan, konsentrat ilmenite, serta konsentrat titanium lain.

Perhitungan harga dasar HPE untuk konsentrat besi dan mangan bersumber dari Asian Metal. Sedangkan konsentrat tembaga, konsentrat timbal, serta konsentrat seng berdasarkan bersumber dari London Metal Exchange (LME).

Penurunan dialami sebagian besar produk seperti konsentrat Tembaga dengan Cu lebih besar atau sama dengan 15% dengan harga rata-rata USD1.683.70/WMT atau turun 3,79%, konsentrat bijih besi (hematit, magnetit, pirit) dengan kadar Fe lebih besar atau sama dengan 62% dengan harga rata-rata USD49.52/ WMT turun 1,82%.

Konsentrat bijih besi (gutit/laterit) dengan kadar Fe lebih besar atau sama dengan 51% dan A12O3 +SiO3 lebih besar atau sama dengan 10% dengan harga rata-rata USD16.89/WMT turun 22,78%, konsentrat mangan atau Mn lebih besar atau sama dengan 49% dengan harga rata-rata USD171.76/WMT turun 0,85%.

Menurut Partogi, penetapan HPE periode Februari ini ditetapkan setelah memperhatikan berbagai masukan tertulis dan koordinasi dari berbagai instansi terkait. inda susan ti/ant

 Sumber : Seputar Indonesia, 03 Februari 2015

Terakhir Diperbaharui ( Kamis, 12 Februari 2015 08:48 )

Menteri ESDM DPR Ingin Smelter Dibangun di Papua

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JAKARTA. Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya mineral Sudirman Said mengatakan DPR berpesan agar pemerintah mengupayakan semaksimal mungkin PT Freeport membangun pabrik pengolahan dan pemurnian mineral atau smelter di Papua.

"Pesannya kami terima dan akan dijadikan bekal untuk melanjutkan negosiasi dengan Freeport karena proses negosiasi ini sedang berlangsung," kata Sudirman Said usai mendampingi Presiden Joko Widodo bertemu dengan Pimpinan DPR di Istana Merdeka Jakarta, Senin (2/2).

Dia mengatakan jika smelter dibangun di Papua, pemerintah mesti memberi keleluasaan karena Freeport harus membangun pembangkit listrik serta pendukung lainnya yang membutuhkan waktu. "Yang penting secara keseluruhan kita mesti berusaha untuk Freeport tetap berjalan, aspirasi masyarakat setempat bisa dipenuhi," katanya.

Sudirman Said juga mengungkapkan bahwa Presiden Joko Widodo telah menerima beberapa bupati dan gubernur dari Papua dan pihaknya diberi arahan untuk memperhatikan aspirasi mereka.

"Pokoknya kami akan berusaha maksimal supaya semua pihak bisa diakomodasi kepentingan, tapi kalau mau akomodasi semua pihak tidak ada yang maksimal," katanya, seperti dikutip Antara.

Sudirman Said mengatakan pihaknya harus menjaga kepentingan secara seimbang. "Kalau mau akomodasi semua pihak tidak ada yang maksimal, nanti optimal level, harus ada yang sedikit ngalah, sedikit ngasih. Optimal itu memerlukan kompromi," katanya.

Dalam negoisasi ini, menteri ESDM ini menyatakan belum sampai pada hitungan teknis untuk menentukan terkait tempat pembangunan "smelter".

"Belum sampai pada hitung-hitungan biaya. Mereka tentu punya budget, tapi belum ada studi kalau di Papua berapa di Gresik bagaimana. Itu yg haruskami bicarakan. Kami punya waktu enam bulan," kata Sudirman Said. (es)

 Sumber : Investor Daily, 03 Februari 2015

Terakhir Diperbaharui ( Kamis, 12 Februari 2015 08:46 )

House Pushes For Freeport Smelter Location In Papua

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Ina Parlina and Raras Cahyafitri

JAKARTA. The House of Representatives is pushing the government to make Copper giant PT Freeport Indonesia establish its smelter in Papua, increasing concerns over whether the company will be able to complete development by 2017 when a full ban on ore exports will be implemented.

The Houses leaders brought up the Papua smelter issue during a meeting with President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo on Monday.

The Houses deputy speaker, Agus Hermanto, claimed that the President had agreed that Freeport Indonesia should build its smelter close to its mine in Papua instead of following its plan to build in Gresik, East Java.

"I say many problems will arise if the smelter is built in Gresik," Agus said after the meeting, without elaborating.

Freeport Indonesia, a subsidiary of US-based giant miner Freeport-McMoRan Inc., is required to build a Copper smelter in the country as a consequence of the 2009 mining Law that requires mining firms to process and refine their minerals in domestic facilities.

Recently, the company said that it had signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to lease 80 hectares of land belonging to PT Petrokimia Gresik, located adjacent to the only Copper smelter in the country, operated by PT Smelting Gresik.

The governor of Papua expressed his disappointment last week with Freeport Indonesia’s decision to choose Gresik for the US$2.3 billion-smelter location.

House speaker Setya Novanto said that building a smelter in Papua would increase Freeport Indonesia’s contribution to the country and the Papuan residents.

"The President agreed with us. Freeport has only contributed Rp 6 trillion [US$472.58 million] so far, while the government has disbursed Rp 35 trillion in special autonomy funds [for Papua]," Setya said.

Freeport Indonesia argued that it chose the location for the available supporting infrastructure. Moreover, according to Freeport Indonesia president director Maroef Sjamsoeddin, acid sulfur as waste from the Copper smelter could be absorbed by Petrokimia Gresik if the smelter was built there. A similar strategy could not be taken in Papua as no fertilizer firm existed there.

Smelters built by mining firms must be completed by 2017 if the miners want to keep their businesses alive.

According to a regulation issued in January last year, the government will stop the relaxation of the ban on mineral ore exports in 2017. The full ban on mineral ore exports should have started last January. However, following concerns over massive layoffs as no smelters were ready to absorb production, the

government under then president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono issued a regulation allowing semi-finished product, such as Copper concentrate produced by Freeport Indonesia, to continue be exported until 2017. After the deadline, mining firms will only be allowed to export processed metal.

Meanwhile, Energy and mineral Resources Minister Sudirman Said told reporters after the Monday meeting that the Houses suggestion would be discussed during negotiations with the company.

"We will try hard to accommodate all interests," Sudirman said.

Earlier, during a meeting with the House of Representatives Commission VII overseeing energy. Sudirman told legislators that forcing smelter development in Papua would only give Freeport Indonesia a chance to miss the 2017 deadline because development there would take more time. The ministry preferred to suggest that Freeport Indonesia contribute to the development of the downstream industry in Copper to contribute to development in Papua.

 Source : The Jakarta Post, February 03, 2015