Indonesian Mining Association


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Government Stands Firm As Freeport Threatens To Cut Production

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The government seems set to ignore threats by United States-mining giant Freeport-McMoran Inc to cut production at its Papuan mine and slash its local workforce if it does not receive a permit to continue exporting Copper concentrates by the middle of the month.

Last month, the government relaxed a ban on mineral exports so long as miners still in possession of a contract of work (CoW) converted it to a special mining permit (IUPK).

Freeport Indonesia, the mining giants local unit, has not complied, according to the Energy and mineral Resources ministry. The ministrys mineral and coal director general, Bambang Gatot Ariyono, said on Monday that not one mining firm had submitted an official application to convert to a IUPK.

"We have not given [Freeport Indonesia] an export. permit because, as stipulated by ministerial decree No. 5/2017 and No. 6/2017, if the company has not submitted a proposal and has not fulfilled the requirements, then we cannot issue the permit. They must still submit a proposal," he said.

The conversion is stipulated in the two ministerial decrees as derivatives of the fourth revision of government Regulation No. 23/2010 on the management of mineral and coal businesses that allows miners to continue exporting Copper concentrates, certain amounts of low-grade nickel and washed bauxite.

The issuance of the ministerial regulation contravenes the 2009 mining Law, which imposed a total ban on mineral ore exports in 2014, and stipulated that mining companies must build domestic smelters in a bid to strengthen the processing industry.

According to the Processing and Smelting Companies Association (AP3I), 32 new smelters—24 of which are nickel smelters—have been built in the country since 2012, with a total investment of around USS20 billion.

Nevertheless, Freeport Indonesia has not shown significant progress in developing smelters, and with its status as a CoW holder, it was forced to stop exporting Copper concentrates on Jan. 12.

This does not seem to bode well for either Freeport Indonesia or Freeport-McMoran, which issued a press statement last Friday demanding that the government grant it a continuation of exports or else the firm would have to reduce its production to match available domestic capacity at PT Smelting, which processes approximately 40 percent of Freeport Indonesia’s concentrate production.

Freeport Indonesia said it would also be required to significantly adjust its cost structure, reduce its workforce and suspend investment in its underground development projects and new smelter.

"For each month of the delay in obtaining approval to export, PT FIs [Freeport Indonesia] share of production is projected to be reduced by approximately 70 million pounds of Copper and 70,000 ounces of gold," it said.

Freeport-McMoran claims that by immediately converting to an IUPK. it would have to forgo its rights to fiscal and legal certainty and that it had "advised the government that it cannot accept these conditions unless a mutually satisfactory replacement agreement is completed". Meanwhile Bambang said converting to an IUPK would nullify Freeport Indonesias CoW before its expiration in 2021.

Center for Energy and mining Law (Pushep) executive director Bisman Bhaktiar said that although Freeports production cut might hurt state revenues in the short term, the long-term benefits of forcing all CoW holders to convert to an IUPK would be fruitful for the downstream sector.

"If [Freeport] cannot export it will definitely have a negative impact in both the social and economic sense. However, that will only be for the short term and the governments task is to anticipate this and handle it quickly," he said.

"For each month of the delay in obtaining approval to export, PTFI's (Freeport Indonesia} share of production is projected to be reduced by approximately 70 million pounds of Copper and 70,000 ounces of gold."

Fedina S. Sundaryani

 Source : The Jakarta Post, February 07, 2017

Terakhir Diperbaharui ( Senin, 13 Februari 2017 09:21 )
 

Pemerintah Tetap Proses Izin Sementara Freeport

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Perusahaan meminta syarat untuk mengakhiri kontrak karya.

JAKARTA - Direktur Jenderal Mineral dan Batu Bara Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral, Bambang Gatot Ariyono, mengatakan pemerintah sedang mengevaluasi Izin

Usaha Pertambangan Khusus (IUPK) sementara yang diajukan PT Freeport Indonesia. Pemerintah bakal menunjuk verifikator independen untuk mengevaluasi permohonan tersebut. "Sesegera mungkin. Sekarang sudah mulai dibahas," ujar Bambang di Jakarta, kemarin. Bambangmenambahkan, hingga saat ini Freeport tak menyinggung tentang permintaan izin ekspor. Padahal,eksporperusahaan berhenti sejak 12 Januari lalu.

Freeport telah bersedia meneruskan pembangunan fasilitas pemurnian mineral di Gresik, Jawa Timur. Kemajuan pembangunan infrastruktur itu mandek di angka 13 persen sejak Juli 2016.

Menteri Energi Ignasius Jonan sebelumnya mengemukakan IUPK sementara menjadi jalan keluar karena proses penerbitan izin permanen memakan waktu. Izin sementara itu berjangka waktu 3-6 bulan. Ekspor yang berhenti selama proses tersebut dikhawatirkan mengganggu perekonomian Papua. Dampak lainnya adalah angka pengangguran bakal bertambah.

Izin sementara bisa terbit jika Freeport tetap berkomitmen membangun fasilitas pengolahan dan pemurnian. "Ini masa transisi. Mereka enggak bisa apa-apa. Kan, enggak fair juga."

Kebijakan Jonan meru-pakanbuntut ancaman CEO Freeport McMoran Richard Adkerson pada pekan lalu. Di hadapan wartawan di New York, Amerika Serikat, Richard mengancam bakal mengurangi 40 persen produksi Freeport jika pemerintah tidak memperpanjang izin ekspor.

Namun izin sementara dipersoalkan pakar hukum pertambangan dari Universitas Taruma-negara, Ahmad Redi. Dia menganggap Jonan menyalahgunakan wewenang karena mengambil kebijakan tanpa dasar hukum. Dia menilai upaya Jonan bertentangan dengan peraturan perundang-undangan. Redi menyebut IUPK, sementara berlawanan dengan Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 2014 tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan dan UU Nomor 4 Tahun 2009 tentang Mineral dan Batu Bara.

Pada pekan lalu, Freeport masih meminta pemerintah menyetujui perpanjangan izin ekspor. CEO Freeport Indonesia, Chappy Hakim, menganggap penjualan hasil tambang merupakan hak perusahaan yang termuat dalam kontrak karya.

Sementara itu, kata Chappy, IUPK, yang menjadi satu-satunya jalan untuk memuluskan ekspor, tidak menjamin kepastian hukum dan fiskal. Dia juga meminta kepastian operasi pasca-kontrak karya kedaluwarsa pada 2021." Kami sudah menyampaikan kepada pemerintah kalau tidak bisa menerima hal tersebut, kecuali ketentuan peralihan disepakati kedua belah pihak," kata dia melalui keterangan pers.

Berdasarkan Peraturan Menteri ESDM Nomor 5 Tahun 2017, pemegang kontrak karya tidak bisa beralih status tanpa penetapan wilayah IUPK terlebih dulu oleh menteri. Peralihan status bakal menciutkan wilayah Freeport dari 212 ribu hektare menjadi 25 ribu hektare. Perusahaan juga dibebani kewajiban divestasi, peningkatan penggunaan komponen lokal, dan penghiliran barang tambang. Pemerintah berhak menarik iuran tetap, royalti, retribusi, pajak bumi dan bangunan, serta pajak penghasilan. Besaran pungutan berubah-ubah sesuai dengan kebijakan pemerintah (prevailing).

Syarat Perolehan IUPK

Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral berencana menerbitkan Izin Usaha Pertambangan Khusus (IUPK) sementara supaya ekspor konsentrat Freeport berlanjut. Izin sementara diberikan karena birokrasi untuk membuat izin permanen memakan waktu. Berikut ini prosedur untuk mendapatkan izin sementara.

Mengajukan surat permohonan beserta dokumen

  1. Peta dan batas koordinat wilayah dengan luasan sesuai dengan peraturan perundang-undangan.
  1. Bukti pelunasan iuran tetap dan iuran produksi.
  1. Rencana kerja dan anggaran perusahaan.

Menteri Energi menyetujui permohonan IUPK paling lambat 14 hari sejak diterimanya permohonan secara lengkap.

 Sumber : Koran Tempo, 07 Februari 2017

Terakhir Diperbaharui ( Senin, 13 Februari 2017 09:19 )
 

Freeport Warns Of Cuts As It Awaits RI Export Permit

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Freeport-McMoRan Inc, the worlds biggest publicly-listed copper miner, said on Friday it will cut staff, spending and production in Indonesia if it does not get a new export permit by mid-February, amplifying a warning it made last week.

The Phoenix-based miner said it continues to work with the Indonesian government to resolve issues after exports of its copper concentrate were halted Jan. 12. The Southeast Asian country banned export shipments of semi-processed ore to boost its local smelter industry.

Freeport shares were trading 5.7 percent lower at USS15.85 on Friday afternoon. Last week, the stock dropped nearly 6 percent after the company outlined its Indonesian challenges, issued disappointing financial results and cut its 2017 production forecast.

Freeport said it has the right to export copper concentrate from its Grasberg mine in Indonesia without restriction or export duties under its current contract, and was considering alternatives to enforce its rights. For every month it awaits export approval, Freeport said its share of production will be reduced by about 70 million pounds of copper and 70,000 ounces of gold.

"A prolonged production cut could push the market into deficit and prices much higher," RBC Dominion analyst Fraser Phillips said in a note to clients.

Copper prices touched a two-month peak earlier this week as workers at the worlds largest copper mine, Escondida in Chile, voted to strike. On Friday, prices drifted down to S5.772 a ton, near a two-week low, as the mines workers resumed wage talks.

If the export delay in Indonesia continues, Freeport said it would need to make "near-term" production cuts to match capacity at its smelter, which processes about 40 percent of its concentrate production.

It will also need to "significantly adjust its cost structure," reduce staffing, investments on underground development projects and a new smelter, and spending with suppliers. Delays for another new export license, for anode slimes required in smelter operations, could further hurt operations, Freeport said.

To gain a new special mining license, Freeport must agree to pay taxes and royalties that it is currently exempt from and divest up to 51 percent of its Indonesian unit, up from 30 percent under current rules. To date, it has divested only 9.36 percent.

Susan Taylor

 Source : The Jakarta Post, February 06, 2017

Terakhir Diperbaharui ( Senin, 13 Februari 2017 08:23 )
 

Freeport McMoran Ingin Dapat Izin Ekspor

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JAKARTA - Freeport-McMoran Inc selaku pemegang saham terbesar PT Freeport Indonesia kembali bereaksi kepada Pemerintah Indonesia. Maklum, hampir sebulan ini anak usaha Freeport McMoran itu belum bisa menunaikan kegiatan ekspor konsentrat tembaga

Sebelumnya pada pekan lalu, Freeport-McMoRan mengancam mengurangi produksi .sampai 60%, melakukan pemutusan hubunga kerja (PHK) pekerja dan menggugat Pemerintah Indonesia Kali ini manajemen Freeport McMoran, meminta pemerintah mengikuti perjanjian kontrak karya (KK) yang sudah ada. Sehingga, Freeport bisa melaksanakan ekspor konsentrat.

Presiden dan CEO Freeport-McMoRan Richard C. Adker-son mengatakan sesuai hak dalam kontrak karya, mestinya Freeport bisa melaksanakan ekspor dengan kepastian fiskal yang ada. Namun sampai saat ini persetujuan belum diberikan. "Kami kecewa, hal ini masih belum terselesaikan dan prihatin tentang dampak negatif bagi seluruh stakeholder, terutama untuk tenaga kerja kami dan ekonomi lokal," terangnya melalui siaran pers tertulis yang diterima KONTAN, Minggu (5/3).

Seperti diketahui, Kementerian ESDM mengeluarkan tiga eleid untuk kegiatan ekspor. Yakni, Peraturan Pemerintah No 1/2017, Permen ESDM No 5/2017 dan Permen ESDM No 6/2017. Inti ketiga aturan itu, perusahaan boleh melakukan ekspor konsentrat, dengan syarat mengubah status dari KK menjadi Izin Usaha Pertambangan Khusus (IUPK).

Lalu komitmen membangun smelter selama lima tahun ke depan. Tak kalah penting, mengharuskan pemegang IUPK asing mendivestasikan 51% saham mereka untuk kepentingan Indonesia, selambat-lambatnya tahun kesepuluh produksi.

Adkerson menyatakan, berdasarkan peraturan baru itu dan diskusi dengan pemerintah, Freeport bersedia mengkonversi KK ke RTK. Syaratnya, kesepakatan stabilitas investasi dengan hak kepastian hukum dan fiskal seperti dalam kontrak karya. "Sesuai surat yang diberikan kepada Freeport tanggal 7 Oktober 2015, pemerintah menjamin ada aturan baru yang memungkinkan perpanjangan kontrak Freeport dengan hak yang sama dengan kepastian hukum dan fiskal seperti dalam kontrak karya," ujarnya

Ia menegaskan. Freeport akan memulai pembangunan smelter, setelah mendapatkan persetujuan perpanjangan hak operasi jangka panjang atau sampai tahun 2041. Selain itu juga Freeport meminta izin ekspor konsentrat tanpa pengenaan bea tambahan.

Wakil Menteri ESDM Ar-candra Tahar mengatakan, penerbitan IUPK sementara masih dievaluasi. Belum dipastikan izin ekspor Freeport memakai IUPK Sementara itu. "Pakai sementara atau tidak masih kita evaluasi." katanya, ke KONTAN. Minggu (5/3).

Pratama Guitarra

 Sumber : Kontan, 06 Februari 2017

Terakhir Diperbaharui ( Senin, 13 Februari 2017 08:20 )
 
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